Answered By: Jaclyn McKewan
Last Updated: Apr 09, 2018     Views: 6

When you try to determine whether a citation is for a book, book chapter or journal, think about the elements inherent in each of these formats. Watch this video for an explanation, or keep reading below:



A journal article appears in a journal that is published in a volume and issue. If you see volume and issue numbers in the citation, you can assume that the citation is for a journal article.

Journal Article - APA Citation:

DaCosta, J.W. (2010). Is there an information literacy skills gap to be bridged? College and Research Libraries. 71(3), 202-22.

Journal Article - MLA Citation:

DaCosta, J.W. (2010). "Is there an information literacy skills gap to be bridged?" College and Research Libraries, vol. 71, no. 3, pp 202-22.


A book chapter is usually written by a different author from the editors of the whole book.

Book Chapter - APA Citation:

Robinson, S. (2012). Emergency Management. In. K.G. Logan & J.D. Ramsay (Eds.), Introduction to homeland security (pp. 241-262). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Book Chapter - MLA Citation:

Book Chapter - MLA Citation:

Robinson, Scott. "Emergency Management." Introduction to Homeland Security, edited by Keith Logan & James Ramsay,Westview Press, 2012, pp. 241-262.


A whole book is often the easiest citation to decipher. It contains the fewest elements. 

Whole Book - APA Citation:

Kapucu, N. (2013). Managing emergencies and crises. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.

Whole Book - MLA Citation:

Kapucu, Niam. Managing Emergencies and Crises. Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2013.


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